The ‘Aims’ of the NCC laid out in 1988 have stood the test of time and continue to meet the requirements expected of it in the current socio–economic scenario of the country. The NCC aims at developing character, comradeship, discipline, a secular outlook, the spirit of adventure and ideals of selfless service amongst young citizens. Further, it aims at creating a pool of organized, trained and motivated youth with leadership qualities in all walks of life, who will serve the Nation regardless of which career they choose. Needless to say, the NCC also provides an environment conducive to motivating young Indians to join the armed forces.
01.To Create a Human Resource of Organized, Trained and Motivated Youth, To Provide Leadership in all Walks of life and be Always Available for the Service of the Nation.
02.To Provide a Suitable Environment to Motivate the Youth to Take Up a Career in the Armed Forces.
03. To Develop Character, Comradeship, Discipline, Leadership, Secular Outlook, Spirit of Adventure, and Ideals of Selfless Service amongst the Youth of the Country.
GENESIS OF NCC
The Cadet Corps Committee which was formed on 29 Sep 1946 with Pt HN Kunzru as chairman held six meetings in South Block, New Delhi. At the same time, Pt HN Kunzru formed sub-committees which were sent on study tours in all the main provinces of pre-independent India including provinces which are now located in Bangladesh and Pakistan. One sub-committee was also sent on tour to Great Britain and France from 15 Feb 1947 to 31 Mar 1947 to study the Youth and Cadet organisations in those countries.
The Cadet Corps Committee carried out exhaustive study of the problem of youth in India. Its sub-committees after their tour at home and abroad submitted their report to the Govt of India in Mar 1947. Soon after the report was submitted, a far reaching political development began to impact the country, due to which the Cadet Corps Scheme had to be kept in abeyance. The religious strife which then was at its zenith, ultimately led to the partition of the country into India and Pakistan.
On the stroke of midnight of 14/15 Aug 1947, India achieved her independence. Immediately after independence, India was confronted with problems of formidable magnitude concerning not only repatriation of millions of displaced persons from Pakistan but also a full scale invasion of Kashmir by the Armed tribesmen supported by Pakistan. The armed forces had to rush to retrieve Kashmir at a time when they were already pre-occupied with the internal problem of maintaining law and order during the country’s initial stage of consolidation.
The war in Kashmir and the consequent loss of a portion of Indian territory; the open support of Western Powers to Pakistan in the Security Council of the United Nations, made it more than evident to the Indian leaders that they not only had to strengthen the Armed Forces but also create sufficient strength of reserves, who could take up arms, when required. The gravity of time and event found expression in the Indian Legislature through anxious and pressing demand for military training of young men and women throughout the country.
At this juncture, Prime Minister Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru at the behest of Sardar Baldev Singh, the then Defence Minister and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, then Home Minister, took out the Kunzuru Committee Report for a serious studyfrom the shelves of the Defence Department. On 05 Dec 1947, after being approved by the Defence Committee the copy of the Cadet Corps Committee Report was sent to the Chief Secretaries and Chief Commissioners of all Provincial Govts (now called State Govts) for their comments. The consent of Provincial Govts were required because they were responsible for the administration of the educational institutions in their respective provinces and thus the success of the Cadet Corps scheme largely depended on their initiative. Replies received from the provinces in Jan 1948, show that they all agreed in principal with the Cadet Corps Scheme submitted by the Kunzuru Committee.
Birth of the NCC
The Kashmir War of 1948 taught a very important lesson to India, that freedom needs to be protected by strong Armed Forces. Its immediate manifestation was that the recommendations of Kunzuru committee were placed before the Constituent Assembly (Legislature) on 13 Mar 1948. A draft Bill was sent to the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) on 19 Mar 1948, which evoked great interest and enthusiasm amongst all members. After due deliberations and amendments, the Bill was passed by the Assembly on 08 Apr 1948. The Central Govt accepted the opinion of the Provincial Govts and the Standing Committee’s recommendations for the formation of a Cadet Corps which was to be named as “National Cadet Corps”, as recommended by the Kunzuru Committee.
The Bill received the assent of the Governor General on 16 Apr 1948, and the National Cadet Corps came into being by an Act of the Parliament Act No. XXXI of 1948 designated ‘The National Cadet Corps Act 1948’. This Act with 13 clauses, prescribed the formation of the National Cadet Corps in India.
The first step in the process of raising of the NCC was setting up of the NCC Secretariat now called Headquarters Directorate General NCC. In fact, even before the NCC Bill was passed by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative), the Ministry of Defence had set up the nucleus of the NCC Secretariat, with Col (later retired as Chief of Army Staff) Gopal Gurunath Bewoor as first Director of the NCC. He took over as Director of NCC on 31 Mar 1948.
Inauguration of NCC
The schools and colleges opened after summer vacation and the NCC of Independent India was inaugurated on 15 Jul 1948. The journey of this Indian youth organisation, which has now become the largest uniformed youth organisation in the world had begun.
In the year 1948 a total of 96 units of Senior Division were raised, comprising variety of units to include one Armoured Corps, three Artillery, five Engineers, two Signals and two Medical – and 83 companies of Infantry. As there was some delay in the establishment of NCC in UP, Madras and Bihar, whose Govts wanted every student joining NCC to be verified by police prior to enrolment, only 20,000 cadets had joined the NCC in the year 1948. The raising of the Junior Division units did not progress well owing to shortage of trained school teachers. The main difficulty was that adequate number of teachers of the desired quality did not come forward to work as NCC officers. There were various administrative reasons attributed to this. Sometimes, colleges and schools were not in a position to spare the teaching staff except during the summer vacation. Thus the NCC which has now13 lakh cadets on its rolls, had started with 20,000 cadets in 1948.
The need for having motto for the Corps was discussed in the 11th Central Advisory Committee (CAC) meeting held on 11 Aug 1978. The mottos suggested were “Duty and Discipline”; “Duty, Unity and Discipline”; “Duty and Unity”; “Unity and Discipline”. The final decision for selection of “Unity and Discipline” as motto for the NCC was taken in the 12th CAC meeting held on 12 Oct 1980.
NCC CORE VALUES
The NCC is a responsive, learning and continuously evolving organization. Its activity is guided by certain Core Values that we endeavour to instill among all ranks of the NCC. These include the following:
A sense of patriotic commitment to encourage cadets to contribute to national development.
Respect for diversities in religion, language, culture, ethnicity, life style and habitat to instill a sense of National unity and social cohesion.
Abiding commitment to learn and adhere to the norms and values enshrined in the Indian Constitution.
Understanding the value of a just and impartial exercise of authority.
Ability to participate in community development and other social programme.
A healthy life style free of substance abuse and other unhealthy practices.
Sensitivity to the needs of poor and socially disadvantaged fellow citizens.
Inculcating habits of restraint and self-awareness.
Understanding the values of honesty, truthfulness, self-sacrifice, perseverance and hard work.
Respect for knowledge, wisdom and the power of ideas.
WE THE CADETS OF THE NATIONAL CADET CORPS, DO SOLOEMNLY PLEDGE THAT WE SHALL ALWAYS UPHOLD THE UNITY OF INDIA. WE RESOLVE TO BE DISCIPLINED AND RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN OF OUR NATION. WE SHALL UNDERTAKE POSITIVE COMMUNITY SERVICE IN THE SPIRIT OF SELFLESSNESS AND CONCERN FOR OUR FELLOW BEINGS.
The NCC flag for various units of the NCC was first introduced in 1951. The flag was of same pattern, colour and size as was used by various regiments of the Army. The only difference was that it had the NCC badge and unit designation placed in the centre. Later on it was felt that the flag should be in keeping with the inter-service character of the Corps. In 1954 the existing tricolour flag was introduced. The three colours in the flag depict the three services of the Corps, red for the Army, deep blue for the Navy and light blue for the Air Force. The letters NCC and the NCC crest in gold in the middle of the flag encircled by a wreath of lotus, give the flag a colourful look and a distinct identity.
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain, Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain
Apni Manzil Ek Hai,
Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hai,
Ho, Ho, Ho, Ek Hai.
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain.
Kashmir Ki Dharti Rani Hai,
Sartaj Himalaya Hai,
Saadiyon Se Humne Isko Apne Khoon Se Pala Hai
Desh Ki Raksha Ki Khatir Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge,
Hum Shamshir Utha Lenge.
Bikhre Bikhre Taare Hain Hum Lekin Jhilmil Ek Hai,
Ha, Ha, Ha, Ek Hai
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hai.
Mandir Gurudwaare Bhi Hain Yahan
Aur Masjid Bhi Hai Yahan
Girija Ka Hai Ghariyaal Kahin
Mullah ki Kahin Hai Ajaan
Ek Hee Apna Ram Hain, Ek hi Allah Taala Hai,
Ek Hee Allah Taala Hain, Raang Birange Deepak Hain Hum,
lekin Jagmag Ek Hai, Ha Ha Ha Ek Hai, Ho Ho Ho Ek Hai.
Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain, Hum Sab Bharatiya Hain.
Guidelines for Opening of NCC in an Institute (For exact procedures refer to the NCC Rules / Contact the Commanding Officer of the nearest NCC Unit)
1.Institutions desirous of having NCC are required to apply formally on the prescribed format duly completed (eight copies) to the CO of concerned nearest NCC Unit, where these forms are available. In case of the Private/Self Financing institutions, concurrence should be endorsed at Ser 16 of the application form by the Sponsor / Head of the institution for bearing the financial implications.
2.Institution should fulfill the requisite pre-conditions are as follows :-
a.Availability of students for enrollment.
b.Availability of eligible teachers to be appointed as Associate NCC Officer. One ANO per school/college for Junior Division or Senior Division cadets.
c.Availability of parade ground, storeroom for NCC.
d.Short Range for firing in the vicinity.
e.Supplementing financial resources (in case of Government aided institutions). Private institutions are required to bear entire expenditure of the State’s share. Details will be available with nearest NCC Bn HQ.
The applications submitted by the institutions are scrutinized by the Unit and feasibility of raising NCC in the institution is also examined. On fulfillment of the conditions, the application is forwarded to Gp HQ for their recommendations. Gp HQ forwards the application to Dte with their recommendations endorsed on the relevant para of the application.
At Directorate level, in case of the State Govt aided institutions, the applications are forwarded to the State Govt for their commitment for bearing their share of the financial implications. Endorsement of the competent authority at para 16 of the applications is required in case of new raisings of NCC sub units. However, in case of withdrawal of NCC sub unit from one institution and it’s re allotment to another one, the endorsement of the State Govt is not mandatory. If no response is received from the State Govt within 30 days , it is presumed that the State Govt has no objection to the proposal of the withdrawal/ re allotment.
In case of the self financing institutions or the institutions sponsored by other than the State Govenments (like Kendriya Vidyalayas, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas, Military Schools etc), the endorsement of the Head of the institution or the sponsor is required at para 16 of the application for the financial commitment.
Once the commitment to bear the financial implications is endorsed and the cadet strength becomes available, the Dte forwards the applications to NCC HQ for sanction of the raising.
This HQ scrutinizes the applications on the basis of criterion of waiting list seniority, endorsement for financial commitment for the State Govt / sponsor share, availability of cadet str etc, and on being found eligible, sanction is accorded and communicated to the Dte.
The Dte, in turn, communicates the sanction to concerned Gp HQ who in turn communicates to the Unit and after that the process of raising starts.
Dte can recommend out of turn sanction for prestigious institutions.
RANKS IN SENIOR DIVISION
Company Quarter Master Sergeant
EQUIVALENT RANKS IN SENIOR DIVISION NCC
Senior Under Officer
Senior Cadet Caption
Senior Under Officer
Cadet Under Officer
Junior Cadet Caption
Cadet Under Officer
Company Quarter Master Sergeant
Petty Officer Sergeant Major
Cadet Class I
Cadet Class II
Leading Flight Cadet
YOUTH EXCHANGE PROGRAMME
Senior Division and Senior Wing:
'C'-Certificate is the highest recognition of training and qualification of a Senior NCC cadet.
'B'-Certificate is the initial recognition of training and qualification of a Senior NCC cadet.
Training and Other Activities:
The activities of NCC can be broadly divided into the following distinct categories described below:-
Army/Naval/Air Wing Activities
Youth Exchange Programme
Community Development Programme cum Social Service Activities
NCC has adopted community development activities with the aim of imbibing among the cadets selfless service to the community, dignity of labour importance of self help, need to protect the environment and to assist weaker sections of the society in their upliftment. This was envisaged through programmes involving
Anti-Female Infanticide Pledge
AIDS Awareness Rally
Visit to Old Age Homes
Disaster Management & Relief
Village upliftment and various other social schemes.
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