The district of Nalgonda which was part of the Hyderabad State was under the rule of Asaf Jahi dynasty when it was merged into the Indian Union in 1948.
A rural based district with over eighty five percentage of its population living in villages, it has a rich cultural heritage as the oldest centre of learning dating back to the Buddha’s period, the prominent one of its seminaries located in Nagarjuna Sagar and the other ones situated in Kolanupaka, Panagal, Rachakonda and Pillalamarri of the united Nalgonda district.
However, facilities for contemporary higher education in the district were initiated being provided only after 1955. The earliest one is our Nagarjuna College which was established in July 1956 by a small group of enlightened and enthusiastic individuals who gathered under the banner of Nagarjuna College Samithi with an avowed and determinant aim of bringing quality higher education to the rural poor and backward sections of the district of Nalgonda and its surrounding areas.
This college which was begun with just 60 pupils in pre-university classes in 1956 became within a very short while, that is, by the following academic year 1957-58 a first grade institution with degree courses in arts, science and commerce.
The Government of Andhra Pradesh took this college into its fold in October 1958 and there have never been instances of looking back since then. And it has been growing from strength to strength as the years rolled on serving the educational needs of this backward district of the Telangana region and today it has as many as 3995 students on the rolls.
The institution was accorded recognition under 2(f) and 12 (B) in 1972 of UGC act of 1956 and ever since then it has been receiving assistance from the UGC.
The college was accredited by the NAAC with B++ grade in 2004. And in the year 2007 it was conferred with the status of autonomy. The college was accredited by the NAAC with A grade in 2012. Accredited B grade by NAAC(3rd Cycle) in 2021.The college that celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 2006 is a forerunner in the realm of higher education in this part of the state, all other institutions in and around looking forward to its advice and direction with a craving for an emulation of its ways.